Energy Utilization and Pollution in Nigeria: A Case of Carbon Emission
The study examined the impact of energy use on carbon emission in Nigeria from 1990-2019. The variables used in the study which were Carbon Emission, Oil Consumption (OP), Gas Fuel (GF) and Fossil Fuel Consumption (FFC). The variables were subjected to unit root test and they were all stationary at first difference I(1). Since the variables were not all stationary at level co-integration test was used to determine the long-run relationship between the variables. The variables were found to be co-integrated. The Structural Vector Error Correction Mechanism (SVECM) was employed. From the results, the study found that energy consumption has positive and significant relationship with Carbon Emission in Nigeria. In the light of the findings derived from this study, the recommendations made include: The government should strive to achieve optimum energy mix for the country. This will mean reducing carbon emitting energy sources and increasing energy generation from sources that are environmental friendly.
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